By Heikki Hänninen
This booklet offers an summary of the way boreal and temperate tree species have tailored their annual improvement cycle to the seasonally various weather conditions. for this reason, the frost hardy dormant part, and the weak progress part, are synchronized with the seasonality of the climate.
the quantity discusses the once a year cycle, together with quite a few attributes comparable to timing of bud burst and different phenological occasions, seasonality of photosynthetic means or the frost hardiness of the trees.
over the last few a long time dynamic ecophysiological types were used more and more in reports of the yearly cycle, rather while projecting the ecological results of weather switch. the most emphasis of this quantity is on combining modelling with experimental reports, and at the value of the organic realism of the models.
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Extra info for Boreal and Temperate Trees in a Changing Climate: Modelling the Ecophysiology of Seasonality
Silva Fennica, 41, 167–205. , & Lundell, R. (2007). Dynamic models in plant ecophysiology. In E. Taulavuori & K. ), Physiology of northern plants under changing environment (pp. 157–175). Kerala: Research Signpost. , & Kelloma¨ki, S. (1996). Overwintering and productivity of Scots pine in a changing climate. Silva Fennica, 30, 229–237. , & Smolander, H. (2009). Late termination of freezer storage increases the risk of autumn frost damage to Norway spruce seedlings. Silva Fennica, 43, 817–830. , & Repo, T.
5 Quantitative Dormancy Induction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Alternative Modelling Approaches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Ecophysiological, Phenological, and Intermediate Approach . . . . . 2 Mechanistic Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 The Unified Model of Growth Onset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016 H.
Annals of Botany, 79, 133–138. Levins, R. (1966). The strategy of model building in population biology. American Scientist, 54, 421–431. Levins, R. (1968). Evolution in changing environments. Some theoretical explorations. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 120 p. , Lappalainen, H. , & Hari, P. (2008). A comparison of phenological models of leaf bud burst and flowering of boreal trees using independent observations. Tree Physiology, 28, 1873–1882. , & Nikinmaa, E. (2004). Acclimation of photosynthetic capacity in Scots pine to the annual cycle of temperature.