Manchurian Railways and the Opening of China: An by Bruce Elleman, Stephen Kotkin

By Bruce Elleman, Stephen Kotkin

The fight for keep watch over of the railways of Manchuria in the course of the first a part of the 20th century presents an exciting vantage element for a global heritage of northeast Asia, in addition to perception at the critcal function of the railways this present day in plans for the advance of China's in moderation populated inside. This quantity

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Extra resources for Manchurian Railways and the Opening of China: An International History

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91 It did not seem to occur to Nicholas or Kuropatkin that the Japanese might decide to act before the completion of these lines. On 8 February 1904, Japan started the Russo-Japanese War by making a surprise attack on the Russian fleet in Lüshun (better known as the siege of Port Arthur). When the hostilities began, much of the extensive damage to the Manchurian THE CHINESE EASTERN RAILWAY 25 railway system incurred during the Boxer Rebellion remained unrepaired, the Trans-Siberian Railway remained to be double-tracked, and the link around Lake Baikal remained unfinished; “Lake” is in some ways is a misnomer because Lake Baikal approximates the size of Switzerland.

Wayne S. Vucinich, Hoover Institution Publications 107 (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1972), 327–8. THE CHINESE EASTERN RAILWAY 33 69. B. D. , Vol. 1 (New York: E. P. Dutton and Company, 1909), 154–5. 70. 2–9, Vol. 1, 25. 71. William C. Fuller, Civil-Military Conflict in Imperial Russia 1881–1914 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985), 56. 72. Lensen, Korea and Manchuria, 130–155; Romanov, Russia in Manchuria, 200. 73. Nish, 53, 86, 88. 74. , Xi xun da shi ji (Record of important events regarding the inspection of the West) [Hereafter Xi xun da shi ji] in Qing ji wai jiao shi liao (Historical materials on international relations from the Qing period), Vol.

Hummel, ed. Eminent Chinese of the Ch’ing Period (1644–1912) (1943. Reprint. , 1970), 312. 27. D. diss. St. John’s University, 1970), 2–3. 28. ARFP, f. otchet MID, op. , 21–2; Malozemoff, 82; Romanov, Russia in Manchuria, 84, 86–7. 29. Sergei Iul’evich Witte, The Memoirs of Count Witte, Sidney Harcave, trans. and ed. E. , 1990), 181. ] 30. A. MacMurray, comp. Treaties and Agreements with and concerning China 1894–1919, Vol. 1 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1921), 74–7. Note especially articles 3, 5, 10, and 12.

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