Conifer Reproductive Biology by Claire G. Williams

By Claire G. Williams

This compendium on conifer reproductive biology is meant as a textual content complement for plant biology classes. one of these quantity turns out well timed simply because wisdom of version flowering crops is increasing so quickly that every new plant biology textual content has much less written on conifers than the final. Conifer Reproductive Biology turns out wanted as a really expert botany reference for all times technology execs, graduate scholars and complex undergraduates. Its content material was once selected for its relevance to these operating in existence sciences: ecology, evolution, genomics, environmental sciences, genetics, forestry, conservation or even immunology. Its content material has additionally been formed by means of a development in the direction of the integrative learn of conifer reproduction.

"The chapters that mirror the author's services are masterly and that i realized a lot from them. Bringing jointly this data couldn't were performed by means of anyone else."
Professor Philip Barry Tomlinson, Harvard woodland, Harvard collage and nationwide Tropical Botanical backyard, Kalaheo, hello, USA.

"Conifer Reproductive Biology is a masterful compendium of the literature and a considerate analysis of what we all know (and have no idea) approximately how those interesting, varied, and historic crops reproduce. i like to recommend it to any and all attracted to plant life." Karl J. Niklas, the freedom Hyde Bailey Professor of Plant Biology, division of Plant Biology, Cornell college, Ithaca, new york 14853, USA.

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2003). Of the 12 chromosomes in Fig. 1, eleven are isobrachial and the 12th is slightly heterobrachial (Saylor 1961; Pederick 1967; Pederick 1970; Dial and Stalter 1980; Ohri and Khoshoo 1986; Doudrick et al. 1995). Some ancient polyploidy has been inferred by comparing chromosomes within an ideotype (Doudrick et al. 1995) and by comparing ribosomal DNA sites (Liu et al. 2003) but this assertion is not fully resolved because past events are difficult to infer without using a large number of molecular cytogenetics labels.

Dispersal of mature embryos is the final defining feature of the seed plant life cycle. 10 Closing The diplohaplontic life cycle of a seed plant has five defining properties: (1) heterospory or separate cell lineages for male and female reproduction, (2) multicellular gametophytes, (3) retention of the female gametophyte within the adult sporophyte, (4) the pollen tube and (5) dispersal of mature embryos. To this, one can add monosporangiate strobili, concurrent diploid and haploid phases, geitonomogamous selfing and iteroparity.

The third stage, reproductive competence, is defined as the earliest age at which either female or male strobili develop (Sax 1962) regardless of external stimuli. The age of reproductive onset is not equivalent to the age of reproductive competence (Kozlowski 1971). 4 Apical Meristem Organization for Reproductive Initials 27 The age of reproductive onset is also not a synonym for generation interval or generation length. Both generational terms are central concepts for population genetics theory and molecular evolution.

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