Automation and World Competition: New Technologies, by Ashoka Mody

By Ashoka Mody

This publication analyses the dynamics of overseas construction situation and exchange. those dynamics are being pushed through new applied sciences (such as microelectronics) and the self sufficient emergence of enormous low salary international locations comparable to China. We see a conflict among affordable robots and inexpensive human labour within the following couple of a long time. To examine this pressure, now we have selected to review 3 industries: clothing and Textiles; Semiconductors and autos. In each one undefined, we think of the choices and customers of excessive, heart and coffee source of revenue international locations. on the centerpiece of the sectoral analyses are quantitative modeling workouts. The quantitative overview of know-how selection and aggressive dynamics relies on wide interviews with specialists within the usa, Japan and Korea. The types are tightly taken with particular items, levels of creation and applied sciences. this enables us to ascertain probabilities equivalent to: slicing and staining women's costume utilizing computerized applied sciences in a excessive salary kingdom, stitching in a low salary kingdom utilizing guide or semi-automated applied sciences and completing the product in a excessive salary kingdom. we're additionally in a position to examine reaction occasions less than varied creation eventualities. that allows you to comprehend know-how selection, we now have additionally heavily studied the institutional and strategic setting. for instance, within the semiconductor the pricing concepts of incumbent companies were very important within the popularity of access to latecomers. Strategic alliances impact the fee and availability of know-how. the most important contribution of the e-book is a projection of overseas aggressive skills in 3 very diverse creation sectors at the foundation of a center quantitive price research and mixed with sector-specific commercial association and alternate regime features.

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Polymerization, at the "upstream" end, is a continuous-flow process which has always been relatively highly automated. Current automation efforts in spinning are also highly advanced. Equipment in advanced installations includes automatic winding equipment capable of reversal and break-repair; robotic mounting and dismounting of spindies; and automatic transfer to automated final packaging. Plant cleaning and interstation transfers are performed by robots. Most of the elements for fully-automated production are in place, and industry specialists foresee the challenge of the next half-decade as lying in fully computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM).

Garments In garment produetion, the major mieroeleetronies based teehnological improvements have oeeurred in pre-assembly (design, marking, grading and eutting) and post-assembly (warehouse management and distribution). The assembly, or sewing, stage has until recently proven relatively resistant to the introduction of microeleetronics. Emerging trends are as follows: Flexibility A major foeus of current effort is on inereasing the flexibility of maehines. Garment making robots are one example of this move towards flexibility.

The new strategy might include more reliance on domestic sources of growth; rapid movement towards services and high technology exports as the mainstays of the economy; and drastically increased dependence on nonJapanese sources of low-and medium-technology manufactured goods. If the Japanese choose this path, there is a· very good chance that world trade in garments and textiles can grow significantly even if imports into the US and Western Europe are stable or modestly declining. Secondly, there is at least some possibility that the COMECON economies will become much more integrated into the world economy during the next decade.

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