By Susan E. Bell, Anne E. Figert
In contemporary years medicalization, the method of creating whatever scientific, has received substantial flooring and a place in daily discourse. during this multidisciplinary selection of unique essays, the authors expertly think about how concerns round medicalization have built, ways that it truly is altering, and the aptitude shapes it's going to soak up the long run. They enhance a special argument that medicalization, biomedicalization, pharmaceuticalization and geneticization are similar and co-evolving procedures, current during the globe. this can be an incredible addition to anthropology, sociology and STS classes approximately drugs and health.
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Additional resources for Reimagining (Bio)Medicalization, Pharmaceuticals and Genetics: Old Critiques and New Engagements
As noted by the Commission on Health Research for Development in 1990,“approximately 10 percent of global drug research and development is focused on the medical problems that cause 90 percent of global disease burden” (cited in Zacher and Keefe 2008:108). In keeping with this perspective on the ideal product, during a period of deregulation in Europe and the USA between 1995 and 2004, the pharmaceutical industry “expanded its market for drugs that offer little or no therapeutic advance in a sea of declining innovation” (Abraham 2010a:303).
It began with Abby Lippman (1991) who proposed the concept to capture the new way of seeing and solving problems that came along with the HGP. Lippman defined geneticization as: an ongoing process by which differences between individuals are reduced to their DNA codes, with most disorders, behaviors and physiological variations defined, at least, as genetic in origin. It refers as well to the process by which interventions employing genetic technologies are adopted to manage problems of health.
The goal was simple: to create a map of Moving Sideways and Forging Ahead • 31 the human genome. However, in mapping the human genome the very idea of the gene became fuzzier and more complex to researchers (Bliss 2015, Chapter 9, this volume; Shostak and Moinester 2015). The consequence was that research on the gene undermined the very idea of genetic determinism and decoupled the firm link between gene structure and phenotype. The HGP opened up a space between genotype and phenotype (Lock 2012:162).