By Prof. Robert S.P. Beekes, Dr. Michiel de Vaan
This e-book supplies a accomplished creation to Comparative Indo-European Linguistics. It begins with a presentation of the languages of the relations (from English and the opposite Germanic languages, the Celtic and Slavic languages, Latin, Greek and Sanskrit via Armenian and Albanian) and a dialogue of the tradition and beginning of the Indo-Europeans, the audio system of the Indo-European proto-language.The reader is brought into the character of language switch and the tools of reconstruction of older language phases, with many examples (from the Indo-European languages). an entire description is given of the sound adjustments, which makes it attainable to persist with the beginning of different Indo-European languages step-by-step. this is often by way of a dialogue of the improvement of all of the morphological different types of Proto-Indo-European. The ebook provides the newest in scholarly insights, just like the laryngeal and glottalic conception, the accentuation, the ablaut styles, and those are systematically built-in into the therapy. The textual content of this moment version has been corrected and up to date by means of Michiel de Vaan. Sixty-six new routines let the coed to perform the reconstruction of PIE phonology and morphology.
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Extra resources for Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An introduction
Joseph Greenberg has divided the languages of the New World into three families: (1) the Eskimo-Aleutic family, which comprises the languages of the Aleuts and of the Eskimos (the Inuit); (2) the Na-Dene family in the north and west of North America which comprises the Haida, Tlingit, Eyak and Athabaskan languages (including Navaho, the largest Indian language of North America); and (3) the Amerindian family of languages, to which belong all languages of Middle and South America and, presumably, all the rest of the languages of North America.
In Europe, there is first of all Basque. Almost without exception, all the languages of Europe which have survived are Indo-European languages: the exceptions are Finnish, Estonian, Hungarian and Basque, which is spoken by the Basque people of the inaccessible Pyrenees region of northern Spain. In Kashmir, Burushaski is similarly isolated, and in Japan the same is the case for the language of the Ainu people. Siberia has a number of isolated languages, such as Ket (though this has recently been connected with the Athabaskan family in North-America).
They originate from Darius and his successors, the kings of the great Persian Empire. â•¯3) Darius relates how he came to power (the story of the ‘False Smerdis’ told by Herodotus). The inscription, incised high up on the boulders of Behistun near Ecbatana (Hamadān), with versions in Akkadian and Elamitic, is the world’s most extensive one. Because the Old Iranian corpus of texts is not so extensive, Middle Iranian is also important to comparative linguists. It is preserved in several varieties, such as Middle Persian or Pehlevi, Parthian, Sogdian, Khotanese, and Khwarezmian.