Bio-inspired Asymmetric Design and Building of Biomimetic by Xu Hou

By Xu Hou

In this thesis, the writer introduces quite a few bio-inspired clever nanochannel structures. a technique for layout and guidance of novel man made responsive symmetric/asymmetric unmarried nanochannel platforms below quite a few symmetric/asymmetric stimuli is gifted for the 1st time. The author’s study paintings makes use of ion tune etching polymer nanochannels with assorted shapes as examples to illustrate the feasibility of the layout process for construction novel synthetic sensible nanochannels utilizing numerous symmetric/asymmetric physicochemical adjustments. the improvement of those nanochannels and their capability purposes is a burgeoning new zone of analysis, and a few fascinating breakthroughs could be expected within the close to destiny from the thoughts and effects mentioned during this thesis. study into synthetic practical nanochannels keeps to force new advancements of assorted real-world functions, comparable to biosensors, power conversion platforms and nanofluidic units. The paintings during this thesis has ended in greater than 15 guides in high-profile journals.

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Below the transition temperature (Tt) the ELP loop was fully expanded and blocked the pore. Above its Tt the ELP was dehydrated and the structure collapsed, enabling a substantial flow of ions through the pore (Fig. 23a). The open-state current amplitude and individual current blockades of the pore were highly temperature-sensitive, and the open-state current amplitude of the ELP loop-containing RHL pore increased with the temperature from 20 to 60 °C (Fig. 23b, c). Azzaroni’s group reported a conically shaped single PI nanochannel modified with thermoresponsive brushes (poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), PNIPA) as molecular gates nanoactuated by temperature-driven conformational transitions [22].

13 Conical nanochannel with metal and SiO2 layers. Reprinted from Ref. [20], with kind permission from Springer Science+Business Media Modification with Plasma Modification with plasma offers an effective method for nanoscale surface engineering of materials, which can functionalize a specific local area precisely, whether by symmetric or asymmetric chemical modification. This can provide a variety of nanoscale features and properties for developing advanced nanomaterials. The principle is based on plasma modification of polymer materials and can effectively produce large amounts of free radicals in the surface layer.

1 M KCl with 2 mM PBS buffer alone (black trace) and with varying calcium concentrations. The inset shows the activities of Ca2+ and HPO42- ions inside the nanochannel with negative surface charges then rise above the solubility product Ksp of CaHPO4, allowing nanoprecipitation to occur. Reprinted by permission from Macmillan Publishers Ltd: Ref. [126], copyright 2008. b G-quadruplex DNA was immobilized onto the inner surface of a single nanochannel for a biomimetic potassium responsive nanochannel.

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