A History of the FTAA: From Hegemony to Fragmentation in the by Marcel Nelson

By Marcel Nelson

Offering a serious account of the cave in of the FTAA negotiations and adjustments to energy kin within the Americas, this e-book argues that the cave in was once rooted in a "crisis of authority" triggered by way of growing to be competition within the Americas to US management and the neo-liberal reforms that have been promoted via Washington because the Eighties.

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Extra info for A History of the FTAA: From Hegemony to Fragmentation in the Americas

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In order to address this problématique, the chapter then proceeds to review some of Gramsci’s basic concepts. To complement the review of concepts such as hegemony, organic crisis, civil and political society, and crisis of authority, it examines the temporal and spatial aspects of those concepts. Notably, it emphasizes the importance of contingency in Gramsci’s theoretical framework. This is done by examining Gramsci’s notion of the “non-contemporaneity of the present,” which helps to explain why “presents” need to be understood as an ensemble of disjunctive dynamics that hegemonic projects attempt to unify into a whole.

The institutional design of the FTAA negotiations, detailed previously, attempted to render unclear the continued relationship between national state apparatuses and their respective civil societies in regard to the items that were being negotiated. This obfuscation was premised on a neoliberal ideology that seeks to separate economic concerns from potentially disruptive politicized decision-making structures and portrays the sphere of global governance as being situated beyond the reach of national civil societies.

Once the second track stopped progressing, the FTAA negotiations lost the centripetal force that had driven the process forward despite the conflict that occurred within the first track of the negotiations. The disaggregation 20 A History of the FTAA of the negotiation process was both expressed in and amplified by the “FTAA à la carte” compromise that was prompted by Brazil at the 2003 Miami Ministerial Meeting, which did away with the provision that the agreement be part of a single undertaking.

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