By Lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic at the Faculty of Oriental Studies Geoffrey Khan
Being direct descendants of the Aramaic spoken by means of the Jews in antiquity, the nonetheless spoken Jewish Neo-Aramaic dialects of Kurdistan deserve unique and brilliant curiosity. Geoffrey Khan's A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic is a different checklist of 1 of those dialects, now at the verge of extinction. This quantity, the results of wide fieldwork, features a description of the dialect spoken via the Jews from the area of Arbel (Iraqi Kurdistan), including a transcription of recorded texts and a word list. The grammar involves sections on phonology, morphology and syntax, preceded by means of an introductory bankruptcy analyzing the location of this dialect on the subject of the opposite recognized Neo-Aramaic dialects. The transcribed texts list folktales and debts of customs, traditions and stories of the Jews of Kurdistan.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic. The dialect of the Jews of Arbel
G. iixta ['2re~sre] 'in such a way' (Y:182). (ii) As a palata-alveolar [lf]. g. ' (S:21), tirale [lfi:rre:le:] 'he went araund it' (S:7). g. karpftt [k'rer'p'u:lf] 'brick' (B:4), terii [lfe:'rre] 'it goes round' (B:116), matirlwälu [mrelfi:'r:wre:lu:] 'they carried them round' (B:70), tay [lfrej] 'tea' (B:137), ti [lfi:] 'none' (B:13). g. tllwa ['lfilwa] 'he knew' (Y:33), la-tiinwa [lre'lfrenwa] 'I did not know' (Y:146), tlwa ['lfi:wa] 'they knew' (Y:216), tipata [lfip'p're:t're] 'a dumpling of meat and rice' (Y:122).
La-J:taqen [lrerre·qe·n] 'I am talking' (L:261). 3. 1. 1. *b The reflex of the soft allophone of *bin earlier Aramaie is the semi-vowel Iw/. g. g. Jii (cf. BTA N~71]) < *J:talal1ii (cf. Heb. ~) < *didllii (cf. / and keeping the two vowels clearly separated. We may compare the strengthening of etymological *h to 1;, which is found in the 3rd person pronominal suffixes of some Christian NENA dialects (-el; m. and -al; f. <*-eh and *-ah). This is, apparently, a means of preventing the elision of the final consonant (cf.
The particle is regularly omitted when the verb has a subjunctive function. Close parallels to this system are found in the Arabic dialect of the Jews of Arbe! / Aqra Arabic Arbe! Neo-Aramaie Progressive present 'you are drinking kü-taSrab la-Satet Present perfect 'you have drunk' kü-sarabt lii-Stelox Subjunctive '(that) you drink' tasrab Satet There is parallelism between Arbe! Aramaie and Aqra Arabic in the placement of the negator between the particle and the verb. In Arbe! Arabic it is placed before the verb (Jastrow 1990b: 64): 'you are not drinking Arbe!