Ecophysiology of Economic Plants in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands by Gerald E. Wickens

By Gerald E. Wickens

This e-book offers with arid and semi-arid environments and their type, and the physiological restraints and variations of vegetation to the surroundings. additional, it discusses monetary botany and the wishes and techniques of protecting financial crops. A vast view is taken concerning the definition of monetary vegetation, taking into consideration their worth to the surroundings in addition to to guy and to cattle. the person deserts and linked semi-arid areas are defined in separate chapters, delivering historical past info at the nearby environments by way of weather and significant plant formations. the commercial vegetation inside of those formations, their usages, geographical distribution including their morphological and physiological diversifications are handled intimately.

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Extra info for Ecophysiology of Economic Plants in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands

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La eta, A. nilotica subsp. tomentosa*, A. tortilis subsp. raddiana*, A. senegal var. senegal*, A. seyal and Faidherbia albida* were examined by Ullmann (1985). Although no species-specific differences in behaviour were observed, a correlation was found between types of stomatal performance patterns and leaf age. Mature leaves showed a steep, post-sunrise increase in leaf diffusion conductance followed by an early morning pronounced peak followed by a continuous decrease during the remainder of the day.

S. acidum). Among the herbs are Chascanum marrubifolium, Ocimum americanum, Seddera latifolia and Talinum portulacifolium. 5. Riverine Vegetation. 5 m high but dominated by shrubs, is confined to the floodplains and riverbeds (Kaul and Thalen 1979). 6. Halophytic Vegetation. Among the more common plants are Cressa cretica *, Haloxylon recurvum, H. salicornicum *, Portulaca oleracea*, Salsola imbricata, Sesuvium sesuvioides, Suaeda vermiculata, Tamarix indica (syn. T. troupii), Trianthema triquetra, Zaleya redimita and Zygophyllum simplex (ßhandari 1990), and the grass Leptochloa fusca*.

Annuals, apart from Eremobium aegyptiacum (syn. Malcolmia aegyptiaca), rarely occur, probably due to the disturbing influence of the constantly moving surface sand. Because the perennial plants present an obstacle to the wind, sand either accumulates either on the leeward side or between their branches; consequently, the plants tend to crown small dunes which usually retain sufficient moisture within re ach of the extensive root systems for the plants to survive throughout the year without any marked periodicity in their development (Walter and Breckle 1986).

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