By Kiyoshi Abe, William Gunther, Harold See
This quantity is the made of a three-year collaborative venture among eastern and American students. subject matters contain overseas exchange, overseas direct funding, coordination of financial and financial coverage, improvement guidance, telecommunications, highbrow estate rights, and agricultural and company tradition concerns. The comparative analyses benefited from non-stop discussion between students from either side of the Pacific.
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Japanese firms have been active abroad for a long time. Japan's FDI, which is expected to increase, will mean more local production and less export. Former exports tend to be replaced by local outputs of Japanese firms in the US. The tendency has accelerated since 1985. The rising Japanese yen, the widening US-Japan trade gap, the mounting protectionism in the US, and the aggravating US-Japan economic friction cause Japanese producers to shift facilities and factories into the US. Local production by Japanese firms aims at expansion of sales in local markets.
The amount of FDI is shown by the area of a circle. 8 shows a year in the last half of the 1980s when Japanese FDis were on the rapid increase. E ·:; 0" . c:. 4 \ Texules . 4 (trillion yen) R&D expenditure I. The numbers of the industrial sectors and the radii of the circles indicate the amount of direct investment flow in fiscal 1987 (unit: trillion yen) Source: JETRO, White Paper on International Trade 1989, p. 45. 9 compares the FDis and R&D expenditures of the US and Japan. 9 is (B)/(A) which is the ratio of FDI to domestic R&D expenditures.
C:. 4 \ Texules . 4 (trillion yen) R&D expenditure I. The numbers of the industrial sectors and the radii of the circles indicate the amount of direct investment flow in fiscal 1987 (unit: trillion yen) Source: JETRO, White Paper on International Trade 1989, p. 45. 9 compares the FDis and R&D expenditures of the US and Japan. 9 is (B)/(A) which is the ratio of FDI to domestic R&D expenditures. 9, the ratio rises in the US while it remains the same in Japan. Expenditures on the development of important technologies are still invested domestically in Japan.