By Ekaterina Dorodnykh
This booklet offers a multilayered research of nutrition import dependency and its effect on foodstuff safeguard within the Caribbean area. The examine analyses the most impression of exchange liberalization within the Caribbean in the WTO framework and major coverage mechanisms to aid family foodstuff construction so that it will decrease foodstuff import dependency. in addition, the writer evaluates fiscal and social advantages of meals self-sufficiency as a method aimed to enhance family foodstuff creation by way of elevated availability of in the community produced foodstuff products.
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Extra resources for Economic and Social Impacts of Food Self-Reliance in the Caribbean
21 Decrease of main agricultural exports (sugar and bananas) affected economic performance in terms of agriculture’s contribution to GDP. 4 shows that local farmers were not able to substitute export crops with other non-traditional crops, as a result agricultural contribution to national economies has decreased signiﬁcantly in all the Caribbean countries. Because of market access liberalization and increased availability of cheaper imported products (including fresh fruits and vegetables), foodimport dependency has grown over time in the Caribbean.
However, world food price crisis during 2007–2008 showed the threat of high food import dependency in the Caribbean, when food prices rose 83 per cent over the last 3 years. Moreover, the existence of a double burden of malnutrition in the Caribbean (existence of both undernutrition and overweight) increased the interest in the idea of increased food self-reliance as a strategy to improve the food and nutrition security in the region. In fact, proposed food self-reliance strategy for the Caribbean is a strategy based on a mix of public policies aimed to establish national food systems in the context of international trade.
Moreover, contribution of trade to food security occurs in making up the difference between production and consumption needs, reducing supply variability, fostering economic growth, making more efﬁcient use of the world resources and permitting production to take place in those regions most suited to it (FAO 2000). For instance, while competition with food imports can have disruptive effects on local producers, it can stimulate productivity-enhancing changes and innovations in domestic production and associated supply chains (FAO 2015b).