Eco- and Ground Bio-Engineering: The Use of Vegetation to by A. Stokes, Ioannis Spanos, Joanne E. Norris, Erik Cammeraat

By A. Stokes, Ioannis Spanos, Joanne E. Norris, Erik Cammeraat

In an period the place weather swap, traditional catastrophes and land degradation are significant concerns, the conservation of soil and plants in mountainous or sloping areas has develop into a global precedence. how you can steer clear of substrate mass circulation via landslides and erosion utilizing sustainable and ecologically sound strategies is speedily turning into a systematic area the place wisdom from many alternative fields is needed. those complaints compile papers from geotechnical and civil engineers, biologists, ecologists and foresters, who talk about present difficulties in slope balance examine, and the way to deal with these difficulties utilizing floor bio- and eco-engineering techniques.

Ground bioengineering tools combine civil engineering thoughts with typical fabrics to procure speedy, potent and monetary equipment of defending, restoring and preserving the surroundings while eco-engineering has been outlined as a long term ecological technique to deal with a domain with reference to normal or man-made risks. experiences on slope instability, erosion, soil hydrology, mountain ecology, land use and recovery and the way to mitigate those difficulties utilizing crops are offered through either scientists and practitioners. Papers surround many facets of this multidisciplinary topic, together with the mechanisms and modelling of root reinforcement and the improvement of choice help platforms, parts the place major advances were made in fresh years.

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Extra resources for Eco- and Ground Bio-Engineering: The Use of Vegetation to Improve Slope Stability: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Eco-Engineering ..

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J. Geotech. Eng. 117, 1810– 1812. Gray D H and Ohashi H 1983 Mechanics of fiber reinforcement in sand. J. Geotech. Eng. 109, 335–354. Gray D H and Sotir R B 1996 Biotechnical and Soil Bioengineering Slope Stabilization. Wiley, New York. Greenway D R, Anderson M G and Brian-Boys K C 1984 Influence of vegetation on slope stability in Hong Kong. In Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium Landslides, Vol. 1, Toronto, ON, pp. 399–404. Hetenyi M 1946 Beams on Elastic Foundation. Univ. Mich. Press, Ann Arbor, MI.

47). 37 Table 2. 47 168 150 144 17 49 13 92 43 In general, however, RAR decreases with depth (with exception for the first shallowest layer) as a consequence of a decrease of nutrients and aeration, and of the presence of more compacted layers. As far as beech is concerned, RAR behaviour shows a great variability both between the investigated sites and through the same site. 7 m in the first case and more than 1 m in the second). Since the trees age and the soil depth are very similar for the two woods, we deem that such a behaviour should be ascribed to the different management practice: Alpe Gigiai beech wood management is coppice, whereas Morterone wood is turning into a hardwood.

Wu T H 1976 Investigation on landslides on Prince of Wales Island. Alaska Geotech. Rpt. No 5, Dpt. , Columbus, USA, 1976. Wu T H 1984a Effect of vegetation on slope stability. In Soil Reinforcement and Moisture Effects on Stability. Transportation Research Record 965, Transportation Research Board, Washington, USA, 37–46. Wu T H 1984b Soil movement on permafrost slopes near Fairbanks, Alaska. Can. Geotech. J. 21, 699–709. Wu T H 1995 Slope Stabilization. In RPC Morgan and RJ Rickson (eds), Slope Stabilization and Erosion Control-A Bioengineering Approach.

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