By Alexander Serdiouk (auth.), Victor H. Baryakhtar, Theo Rosendorfer (eds.)
Hitherto the disposal of munitions was once quite often interested in out of date shares, however the political advancements within the states of the previous Soviet Union have necessitated the disposal of great amounts of present and out of date shares. evidently, open burning/open detonation can't be used on any such huge scale, now not least for environmental concerns.
There are major technical difficulties linked to the disposal of munitions at the scale required. First, the fabrics are usually not uncomplicated wastes or garbage. Their dealing with, garage, packaging and transportation are topic to very inflexible legislation, and justifiably so, for visible purposes. moment, they're very precious items, for which a excessive cost has been paid by way of the conserving states' monetary structures. Mere destruction could suggest the irretrievable lack of the price invested. yet therein lies the matter. items like metal or brass scrap can simply be reclaimed, yet hypergols and different rocket fuels (for example) symbolize a real chemical problem, whereas, below sure stipulations, explosives might be diverted to civilian use. This, in precis, is the matter that the current ebook bargains with: the two-pronged assault concerning demilitarization and recycling technologies.
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Extra info for Demilitarisation of Munitions: Reuse and Recycling Concepts for Conventional Munitions and Rocket Propellants
Production of anticorrosive coatings and lubricants). The already synthesised products or their analogues could be also applied in some other areas but this should be additionally investigated. 41 For fulfilling the demilitarisation as soon as possible, in accordance with START concluded between the USSR and the USA, Ukraine, in the first phase, proposes to put the propellant components in storages and organise their keeping in the storage until the appropriate solutions and technologies for their safe and cost-effective disposal are available.
1 PRACTICAL EXAMPLES Let's now have a look at some practical examples: Figure 1 shows the X-ray picture of a 122 mm HEAT ammunition. This X-ray picture is necessary to select the "safe" area for the sectioning of a warhead. In this case we cut the casing of the warhead at its lower part to remove the detonator and wash out the explosive charge. Figure 1 X-ray picture of a 122 rnm HEAT ammunition In Figure 2 you see the separation of explosive pellets (HERT) which is automatically done for safety.
1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. 38 The safety of nuclear weapon operation during this time period is ensured by the design of the missiles, of the warheads, by their transportation means, appropriate constructions, by selection of the special technologies of work, as well as by organisational procedures defined in the relevant operation documentation, which are: - for preventing a warhead nuclear explosion there are several protection levels which can be removed only in strict succession and only in flight (even if a missile is accidentally blown up in flight and the warhead falls, its nuclear explosion doesn't take place); - a missile and its warhead shall be transported separately; - solid propellant rockets don't detonate if they fall from IO-meter height down to a concrete ground.