Cork: Biology, Production and Uses by Helena Pereira

By Helena Pereira

This finished e-book describes cork as a usual product, as an business raw-materials, and as a wine bottle closure. From its formation within the outer bark of the cork oak tree to the houses which are of relevance to its use, cork is gifted and defined together with its actual and mechanical properties.The business processing of cork from post-harvest strategies to the creation of cork agglomerates and composites is described.Intended as a reference e-book, this can be the fitting compilation of clinical wisdom on state of the art cork construction and use Key Features:*Presents entire assurance from cork formation to post-harvest procedures*Explains the actual houses, mechanical houses and caliber of cork*Addresses issues of curiosity for these in foodstuff technological know-how, agriculture and forestry

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Extra info for Cork: Biology, Production and Uses

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The axial direction (the z-axis) is the direction of apical growth and in a tree it is represented by the line of pith development; in the usual cases of straight standing stems it corresponds to the vertical direction. The directions in a plane perpendicular to the axial direction crossing the pith are radial directions (the y-axis) and correspond to the direction of stem thickening (radial growth) of a tree. The direction perpendicular to a radial and an axial direction is called tangential (the x-axis).

Tree Rings and Climate. Academic Press, New York. , 1998. Applications of dendrochronology to Quercus suber L. In: Pereira, H. (Ed), Cork Oak and Cork. Centro de Estudos Florestais, Lisboa, pp. 162–172. , 2004. The periderm development in Quercus suber L. IAWA Journal 25, 325–335. , 2002. Glycerol and glyceryl esters of -hydroxyacids in cutins. Phytochemistry 61, 205–215. , 2002. Water and oxygen permeance of phellems isolated from trees: the role of waxes and lenticels. Planta 215, 794–801. , 1935.

1944. Contribuição para o estudo da formação da cortiça no sobreiro. Revista Agronómica 23, 75–104. , 1938. O que é a cortiça. Boletim da Junta Nacional de Cortiça 1, 13–21. , 1950. Subericultura. Ministério da Economia, Direcção Geral dos Serviços Florestais e Aquícolas, Lisboa. , 1992. The effect of growth rate on the structure and compressive properties of cork. IAWA Bulletin 13, 389–396. , 1996. The evaluation of the quality of cork planks by image analysis. Holzforschung 50, 111–115. , 1988.

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