By F. Lieutier (auth.), François Lieutier, Keith R. Day, Andrea Battisti, Jean-Claude Grégoire, Hugh F. Evans (eds.)
For the 1st time, a synthesis at the learn paintings performed in Europe on all Bark And wooden uninteresting bugs In dwelling bushes (BAWBILT) is gifted. As ultimate manufactured from a four-year examine venture accumulating jointly a hundred scientists from 24 nations, the e-book is the fruit of a true collective synthesis within which all ecu experts have participated. It experiences and reviews on the entire ecu literature, whereas contemplating the organic (trees, bugs, linked organisms, and their relationships) and wooded area administration features. despite the fact that, even supposing all for the ecu woodland, it additionally compares the to be had details and interpretations to these relating comparable species in different continents. It ends with propositions of analysis priorities for Europe. The publication is directed to all scientists and scholars excited about woodland entomology and ecology, in addition to to woodland managers and all medical public attracted to woodland biology.
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Additional info for Bark and Wood Boring Insects in Living Trees in Europe, a Synthesis
The catalogue deals with 5 812 species in 225 genera in 25 tribes, illustrating the enormous r increase in knowledge of bark and ambrosia beetles since the early years of the century. Two supplements to this catalogue have appeared (Bright and Skidmore 1997, 2002) bringing the work up to the year 1999. Together, these works form what must be one of the finest references available to workers on any family of beetles. 2. Bibliographies Because of the importance of bark beetles in forest protection and forest industry, many works and notices about their biology, faunistics and forest protection methods have been published in forestry-oriented papers.
Ips acuminatus Although nine countries provided quantitative data on this species, only Poland reported high losses on pines (a total of 12,838,000 m³ killed by BAWBILT organisms between 1990 and 1999: Table 8). The same 12,838,000 m³ are also cited in connection with Tomicus piniperda a and Phaenops cyanea a in Poland (Tables 9 and 10). The specific status of these three species found on the same dead pines in Poland is unclear in the database; it results from the method used for data collection in this country, namely the evidence of the volume of killed trees regardless the insect specied causing the mortality (the volume of tree killed by I.
The most commonly employed measures use a combination of visual surveys, supplemented by use of various trap systems using pheromones/attractants or trap trees/logs. Remote sensing has rarely been employed and may offer opportunities for further development in the future. 7. Risk Rating and Decision Support Systems This category received relatively few responses, but would appear to offer promise for future integrated management of the most serious pests. Results of the analysis are shown in Table 18.