By David Nicolle
This is often the second one quantity in a finished learn of army guns and gear within the center a while.
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It seems that on most occasions the English took care to protect their front with ditches or potholes, suggesting that they did not trust to hold off an enemy by 16 Comparison with warfare in the same area of Flanders in the eighteenth century is instructive, especially the campaign and battle of Malplaquet, 1709; see D. Chandler, Marlborough as Military Commander (London, 1973), esp. p. 253ff for the construction of an abbatis in wooded ground. A. Fowler, 'News from the Front: Letters and Despatches of the Fourteenth Century', in Guerre et Société en France, en Angleterre et en Bourgogne xivexve siècle (Lille, 1991), ed.
1898, revised and enlarged 1924). This work has also been reprinted recently (1991), although it badly needs updating. Page 4 could be brought to bear. The English archer formations flanking their men-at-arms in Burne's reconstruction perform the same role. This serves to confirm the eternal British-French stereotypes as well. 8 A brief survey of archery tactics in the 'English' tradition may help to set the subject in context. 9 A detailed account of the Battle of the Standard, fought between a northern English host and invading Scots near Northallerton in 1138, places alternating bow and spearmen in the English line.
The level of diplomacy, of political manoeuvering. 2. The organisation of forces, how they were raised and paid for. 3. Logistics, that is the movement and supply of these forces. 4. Strategy, both overall and specific to theatre. 5. Operational or campaign strategy involving chevauchée, sieges and battle-seeking or avoiding courses of action. 6. Tactics, or close-range manoeuvre and use of troops and their weapons. 7. Individual acts of bravery (the aspect usually celebrated by a chronicler like Froissart).