By Frank L. Smith III
Biological guns have threatened U.S. nationwide protection considering that no less than international conflict II. traditionally, even if, the U.S. army has ignored learn, improvement, acquisition, and doctrine for biodefense. Following September eleven and the anthrax letters of 2001, the us all started spending billions of greenbacks consistent with yr on clinical countermeasures and organic detection platforms. yet such a lot of this investment now comes from the dep. of healthiness and Human providers instead of the dep. of protection. Why has the U.S. army missed biodefense and allowed civilian corporations to take the lead in protecting the rustic opposed to organic assaults? In American Biodefense, Frank L. Smith III addresses this confusing and mostly untold tale approximately technology, expertise, and nationwide security.
Smith argues that organizational frames and stereotypes have triggered either army forget and the increase of civilian biodefense. within the armed prone, influential principles approximately kinetic struggle have undermined security opposed to organic struggle. The impression of those rules on technological know-how and know-how demanding situations the normal knowledge that nationwide protection coverage is pushed through threats or bureaucratic pursuits. Given the guidelines at paintings contained in the U.S. army, Smith explains how the teachings realized from biodefense may also help remedy different very important difficulties that variety from radiation guns to cyber attacks.