By Ingo Kowarik, Stefan Körner
This publication presents a primary assessment of the phemonemon of post-industrial city barren region: city landscapes as soon as formed by way of heavy which are being re-colonized certainly by way of forests. those new sorts of city woodlands are usually ignored through ecologists, foresters and planners. person chapters think about city woodlands from the views of ecology, environmental sociology, forestry, nature conservation and panorama structure.
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Additional resources for Wild Urban Woodlands: New Perspectives for Urban Forestry
Chapman and Hall, London Kohler A, Sukopp H (1964) Über die Gehölzentwicklung auf Berliner Trümmerstandorten. Ber Dt Bot Ges 76(10):389–406 28 Ingo Kowarik Körner S (2005) Nature Conservation, Forestry, Landscape Architecture and Historic Preservation: Perspectives for a Conceptual Alliance. In: Kowarik I, Körner S (eds) Urban Wild Woodlands. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, pp 193– 220 Kosmale S (1981) Die Wechselbeziehungen zwischen Gärten, Parkanlagen und der Flora der Umgebung im westlichen Erzgebirge.
Kovac, Hamburg Rink D (2005) Surrogate Nature or Wilderness? Social Perceptions and Notions of Nature in an Urban Context. In: Kowarik I, Körner S (eds) Urban Wild Woodlands. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, pp 67–80 Roovers P, Hermy M, Gulinck H (2002)Visitor profile, perceptions and expectations in forests from a gradient of increasing urbanisation in central Belgium. Landscape and Urban Planning 59(3):129–145 Rösler M (2004) Mit dem Kinderwagen in den Urwald. Ein Wildnisprojekt im Ballungsraum Saarbrücken geht neue Wege.
This perspective can be described as contemporaneous, because it begins from the existing potential of the site without regard for whether this has been exclusively naturally or anthropogenically shaped. It can also be described as prospective in that the naturalness of a site is evaluated according to how far, based on current uses for example, the stand is from a future condition of self-regulation without direct human influence. The hemeroby system is used to evaluate the degree of this second kind of naturalness; this system was created by Jalas (1955) and more precisely defined by Kowarik (1988) with regard to its contemporaneous orientation (Table 5).