By Camila Piñeiro Harnecker
This publication demonstrates that the cooperative version relies on rules necessary to construction a extra simply and democratic society. it truly is argued that this is often the simplest fiscal reform replacement to neoliberal capitalism and authoritarian socialism in Cuba, and that this version may also extensively remodel different economies worldwide.
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Extra info for Cooperatives and Socialism: A View from Cuba
The advance payment is what each member receives monthly (or sometimes weekly or biweekly), generally in the form of monetary income. In a traditional business, this would be “wages,” but here it loses that meaning because to the extent that the cooperative’s management is truly democratic, the wage-labor relationship is replaced by one of associated labor: workers are not selling their labor power in exchange for a wage. Returns are what each member receives at the end of the fiscal year, if the cooperative has any surplus after meeting all of its tax, financial, and legal obligations (such as paying into obligatory funds, which are mentioned further on), and if it has been decided that part of the surplus will be distributed among the members.
30 Jesús Cruz Reyes and Camila Piñeiro Harnecker More recently, “multi-stakeholder” or “multi-participant” cooperatives have been created, where more than one type or category of members (workers, consumers, and providers of capital or inputs, and even representatives of social interests) can participate in decision making. These are basically forms of comanagement among these different groups that share common interests and are willing to work together to achieve common goals. The most known cases are “solidarity cooperatives” in Canada and “social cooperatives” in Italy.
11 Similarly, agricultural production cooperatives were thrown off the land where they operated. The first modern cooperative to gain recognition On October 24, 1844, the Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers, also known as the Rochdale Pioneers, was officially registered; it is best 32 Jesús Cruz Reyes and Camila Piñeiro Harnecker remembered as the first successful modern cooperative. It was formed by a group of 28 weavers from a cotton thread factory in the working-class district of Rochdale, Manchester, who had decided to unite to create a consumer cooperative.