Condor: The Luftwaffe in Spain 1936-1939 by Patrick Lareau

By Patrick Lareau

The Spanish Civil warfare was once not only a tragedy for Spain; performing as a spotlight for all of the diverse political philosophies which had simmered in the course of the Thirties, it served because the proving flooring for Italian, Soviet and German army theorists. It used to be the following that the 1st conflict among the dictators, Hitler, Mussolini and Stalin, came about, albeit via proxy. It was once the following that the idea that of Blitzkrieg used to be first attempted out by way of the German volunteers of the Legion Condor, which shaped a huge air component to the Spanish insurgent forces. This used to be a progressive all-arms formation, self-contained and continually managed by way of airmen. the following the likes of Galland, Molders and Trautloft earned their spurs. the following, too, the Bf 109, He 111, Do 17 and the notorious Ju 87 had their baptism of fireplace. It used to be, in influence, the outlet rounds of worldwide battle II. utilizing a lot new formerly undiscovered resource fabric, this research appears intimately on the males, machines and devices which shaped the Legion Condor.

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62mm machine-gun mount thtough the 85mm antiaircraft gun. By the end of 1942, there were 21 pya air defense trains in operation, rising to 69 at the end of 1943, 93 by the end of 1944, and 84 at the time of the war's end in May 1945. While these were used primarily behind the lines, some antiaircraft trains were detached to the army fronts for air defense protection. About 200 pya armored trains were built during the war. Wehrmacht armored trains, 1941-45 The poor performance of the early German armored trains in 1939--40 provided little encouragement for their further development in the Wehrmacht.

Completed in late 1943, it was first deploved to Poland in the summer of 1944 following the collapse of Army Group Center. The Wehrmacht generally operated its armored trains independently, but local commanders recommended following the Soviet practice of armored train battalions. The successful use of PZ 2 and PZ 68 at the Berezina River crossing near Shazliki in November 1943 promoted the formation of the first armored train regiments in 1944, each to consist of three battalions with two armored trains each.

It was finally retired in 1972 to the Kubinka Tank Museum. as seen here. 2 ZA RODINU 12TH ARMY, SOUTHERN FRONT, OCTOBER 1941 The PL-37 was the standardized light artillery wagon for Soviet light armored trains in the first years of World War II, with about two dozen built. It followed the same pattern as the earlier PL-35 with modest changes in the construction of the turret and superstructure. Aithough the wagon was fairly large, it had very little free space inside due to extensive ammunition stowage.

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