# Attributable Causes of Cancer in France in the Year 2000 by WHO

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Additional info for Attributable Causes of Cancer in France in the Year 2000 (IARC Working Group Report, No. 3)

Sample text

Also, American and British women used to smoke more than French women (Hill and Laplanche, 2005a). For these reasons, the use of RRs mainly from studies conducted in populations, such as those of the UK and in the USA, in which women have been smoking for a longer time and at higher level might result in an overestimate of the attributable fraction in French women. 7% obtained when the method of Levin (1953) was used. 1% has to be considered as a minimal AF for French women and the results of the indirect method proposed by Peto et al.

8. Discussion There are several reasons why we may have underestimated the burden of occupational cancer. , strong inorganic acid mists); our incomplete knowledge of occupational carcinogens, and the use of current exposure prevalence data (SUMER 1994), which might underestimate past exposure. The SUMER survey was repeated in 2002–3: estimates of prevalence of exposures differ from those reported in the 1994 survey essentially because of lower specificity in the definition of exposure. Because exposure data used in the present study should preferably refer to the year 1985, it is more logical to use the data from the 1994 survey than those from 2002–03.

International Agency for Research on Cancer. IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Vol 83, Tobacco Smoke and Involuntary Smoking. Lyon, IARC, 2004. Levin M. The occurrence of lung cancer in man. Acta Unio Int Contra Cancrum. 1953;9:531–541. Peto R, Lopez AD, Boreham J, et al. Mortality from tobacco in developed countries: indirect estimation from national vital statistics. Lancet 1992;339:1268–1278. 32‡ Cervix uteri * From meta analysis of studies reported in the IARC monograph on tobacco (2004) and Gandini et al.