An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Laboratory Assessments Board, Panel on Electronics and Electrical Engineering

The file at the EEEL provides an evaluate of the Lab’s 4 divisions. The overview relies on 4 standards: alignment with nationwide priorities, motivation of its courses, technical advantage, and technical software caliber. The document additionally presents a glance at 3 extra issues: staffing and investment, foreign concerns, and the making plans technique.

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As an example, the division has demonstrated that the use of molecular beam epitaxy for growth produces quantum dot ensembles with greater uniformity of height and density than conventional quantum dots grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition. The group has also performed linewidth measurements on the quantum dot ensembles and has observed the narrowest linewidths for self-assembled quantum dots. These new materials are being incorporated into device structures for realizing single-photon detectors, demonstrating a record 70 percent internal quantum efficiency.

Some attempt should be made to understand the relevant performance parameters of the device and the circuits 27 such devices might eventually be applied to. This would happen much more readily if there were an ongoing discussion between these two groups. Additional opportunities might arise by involving the Time and Frequency Division as well. Perhaps CNST and/or OMP can offer some leadership in this collaboration. Emerging wireless systems such as WiFi, WiMax, and cellular systems utilize multiple antennas to transmit and receive signals for better channel capacity and user coverage.

EEEL should increase awareness of metrological needs in emerging technologies. Emerging wireless systems such as WiFi, WiMax, and cellular systems are one such opportunity. The quantum dot single-photon detector is a good example of the strength of the various quantum programs at NIST. This device integrates the design and fabrication capabilities for quantum dots with the need for single-photon detection. The device structure looks promising for a semiconductor-based device. The current device, however, is not based on an indium phosphide (InP) platform, which would be suitable for use at 1550 nm.

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