Adapting Legal Cultures (Onati International Series in Law by Johannes Feest, David Nelken

By Johannes Feest, David Nelken

This fascinating assortment appears on the idea and perform of criminal borrowing and version in several parts of the area: Europe, america and Latin the US, S.E. Asia and Japan. a few of the participants concentrate on basic theoretical matters. What are felony transplants? what's the position of the nation in generating socio-legal swap? What are the stipulations of winning felony transfers? How is globalization altering those stipulations? Such difficulties also are mentioned near to noticeable and particular case stories. while and why did jap principles of product legal responsibility come into line with these of the european and the us? How and why did judicial assessment come past due to the criminal platforms of Holland and Scandinavia? Why is the current wave of USA-influenced criminal reforms in Latin the United States it seems that having extra good fortune than the former around? How does pageant among the felony and accountancy professions have an effect on styles of financial disaster? The chapters during this quantity, which come with a finished theoretical creation, supply a number worthwhile insights whether in addition they exhibit that the "state of paintings" within the learn of criminal transfers is disputed and much from settled.

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Legal change depends on other forces of social change such as social movements, revolutions, evolution, or great individuals (Sztompka, 1993). But scholars of social change for their part probably underestimate the role of law in its 14 Earlier Oñati workshops distinguished between adaptations which take place at the pace of day-to-day changes, those which result from interaction between businessmen or the influx of immigration, or which were the consequence of international communications and exchanges.

Indeed for some scholars the significance of legal culture is such that any effort at faithful borrowing is doomed to failure—legal transplants are simply impossible (see Legrand, 1996, 1997; and in this volume). From its origins as the German romantic counterpoint to the French term “civilisation”, the term “culture” has been often invoked (and misused) as a weapon in “culture wars” between or within cultures (Kuper, 1999). In the context of legal borrowing and resistance a modern parallel can be found in the call to “Asian values”.

But we can also detect processes of political and cultural exchange which show that civil law models in Western and Eastern Europe are also having an increased influence, as in the increasing importance of civil codes, or constitutional courts, or rights talk. In some countries, such as the Netherlands, we can see both processes happening together. Law does often play an important role in seeking to bring about harmonisation or common standards—whether or not the underlying social and economic developments are running in this direction.

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