By Dr.-Ing. Thomas Flik, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Hans Liebig (auth.)
In the previous few years, a great number of books on microprocessors have seemed out there. so much of them originated within the context of the 4-bit and the 8-bit microprocessors and their relatively uncomplicated constitution. even though, the techno-logical improvement from 8-bit to 16-bit microprossors resulted in processor parts with a considerably extra advanced constitution and with an increased performance and likewise to a rise within the procedure architecture's complexity. This books takes this development under consideration. It examines 16-bit micro-processor structures and descrihes their constitution, their habit and their programming. the foundations of desktop or ganization are taken care of on the part point. this is often performed via a close exam of the attribute functionali ty of microprocessors. moreover the interactions among and software program, which are common of microprocessor know-how, are brought. Interfacing options are one of many focal issues of those issues. This puplication is equipped as a textbook and is meant as a self-teaching direction on 16-bit microprocessors for college students of machine technology and communications, layout engineers and clients in a large choice of technical and medical fields. simple wisdom of boolean algebra is believed. the alternative of fabric is predicated at the 16-bit microprocessors which are at the moment available to buy; nevertheless, the presentation isn't really certain to a person of those microprocessors.
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Additional info for 16-Bit-Microprocessor Systems: Structure, Behavior, and Programming
4 (register R, direct DA, immediate 1M, register indirect RI, autoincrement IN, autodccrement DC, indexed X, relative RA). If only one addressing mode is given, for instance R, then it is given directly in the table instead of s ord. In the formal description of the instructions we employ the above symbols, including the assignment operator : =, the operator that indicates the four basic operations +, -, . and I and the logic, operators anti, or, exor(exc1usive or) and not. Angle . a word's specific bit position, for instance SR <7 - 0) refers to the eight lower bits oftne status register.
B) Transfer the content of LOCI to a memory cell LOC2 Whose address was stored in RO before. OC DSW 1 MOVE LOC,#325 LOCI LOC2 a b DCW DSW 325 1 MOVE RO, flLOC2 MOVE (RO) ,LOCI • 5. Autoincrement addressing (IN): The effective address is in the register; the' operand is in tlle memory. After memory access, the address is incremented by Ol'e during byte addressing, by two during word addressing, and by four during double word addressing. g. MOVE RI,(RO)+ . 20r4 6. Autodecrement addressing (DC): The effective address is in the register; the operand is in the memory.
The actual memory address results from the addition of the base address to the relative address. 6). Inters 8086 microprocessor is an example for this kind of addressing. It is equipped with four 16-bit base address registers, each extended by four zero bits. According to what is accessed, be it program code, data or stack data, one of the four base registers is automatically chosen. 4 Instruction Formats and Addressing Modes In the simplified microprocessor structure presented in Chapter 1, the memory address of an operand was indicated directly in the instruction word.